Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2022 Apr 5. doi: 10.1111/fcp.12780. Online ahead of print.
Hematological malignancies including leukemia, multiple myeloma and lymphoma are known as leading causes of death around the world. Despite all developments in cancer management, current therapeutic methods are still relatively inefficient, leading to the heavy financial burdens for public health systems. Strategic attempts in clinical practice must be based on three serious goals including: 1) increasing the efficacy of treatments and decreasing their side-effects, 2) decreasing financial price of treatments and related morbidity and mortality rates, and 3) improving life quality and survival of affected patients. Melatonin, a multipotential neurohormone mainly secreted by the pineal gland, has recently been shown to play essential roles in the treatment of various human diseases. Moreover, it possesses anticancer impacts and acts through regulation of underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. In this article, we review mechanistic roles and beneficial effects of melatonin against hematological cancers, especially lymphoma.