CHEST 2019 Conference Coverage

Surgical Invasiveness in Lung Cancer Treatment May Correlate with Later Opioid Use

Arformoterol Tartrate Improves Outcomes in Patients With COPD

A study presented at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2019 found that the median time to onset of bronchodilation was...
Obesity Linked to Poor Psychosocial Health Outcomes in Breast and Prostate Cancer Patients

Obesity Associated With Non-Invasive Ventilation Failure in Patients With COPD

Obesity is associated with bilevel non-invasive ventilation (NIV) failure and intensive care unit (ICU) admissions in patients with chronic...

OSA a Prognostic Factor for Recurrent Pulmonary Embolism

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be a predictive factor of recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE), according to research presented at...
lung cancer

USPSTF Lung Cancer Screening Criteria May Be Missing Women

Research presented at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2019 found that current lung cancer screening guidelines are insufficient to capture...
Asthma Is Protective of Cardiac Events

Asthma Is Protective of Cardiac Events

A propensity-score matching study being presented at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2019 found that asthma is associated with decreased mortality in patients admitted to the hospital with myocardial infarction.
Artificial Intelligence May Better Detect Sleep Apnea

Artificial Intelligence May Better Detect Sleep Apnea

Machine learning algorithms—also known as artificial intelligence (AI)—can better detect sleep apnea compared with traditional linear approaches, according to a study being presented at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2019.
Oxygen Therapy Is Associated with Poor Patient-Reported Outcomes in COPD and IPF

Oxygen Therapy Is Associated with Poor Patient-Reported Outcomes in COPD and IPF

The need for home oxygen use is associated with worse patient-reported outcomes in those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), according to research being presented at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2019.
Mepolizumab Reduces Exacerbations in Patients With Asthma

Mepolizumab Reduces Exacerbations in Patients With Asthma

A study being presented at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2019 found that mepolizumab reduced exacerbations in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma, regardless of baseline oral corticosteroid (OCS) use.
Bronchodilator Testing May Better Diagnose Asthma-COPD Overlap Syndrome

Bronchodilator Testing May Better Diagnose Asthma-COPD Overlap Syndrome

A study being presented at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2019 found that routine use of post-bronchodilator spirometry values prevents the overdiagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and better identifies patients with asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS).
vaccine

Influenza Vaccine and Readmissions in Patients With Pneumonia

Among hospitalized patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP), the administration of in-hospital influenza vaccination may be underutilized, and secondary...
Increasing COPD Severity Ups Risk of Mortality in HF Patients

Tiotropium/Olodaterol Improves Outcomes in Patients With COPD

Among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who were not receiving inhaled corticosteroids, tiotropium/olodaterol therapy improved outcomes compared...
Single-Patient Hospital Rooms Are Associated with a Decrease in Infections

Does Readmission to a Different Hospital Impact Costs and Outcomes for COPD?

Among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, readmission to a different hospital is associated with higher mortality,...
coronary artery bypass grafting

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Should be Evaluated in Those Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was common in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and resulted in postoperative complications,...
robotic surgery

Survival Outcomes for Robot- Versus Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery

Robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) resulted in less elevation of interleukin (IL)-6 levels in patients undergoing lung resections compared with...

Curated Journal Abstracts

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