Influence of Thromboembolic Events in the Prognosis of COVID-19 Hospitalized Patients: Results from a Cross Sectional Study

Background

COVID-19 may predispose to both venous and arterial thromboembolism event (TEE). Reports on the prevalence and prognosis of thrombotic complications are still emerging.

Objective

To describe the rate of TEE complications and its influence in the prognosis of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 after a cross-sectional study.

Methods

We evaluated the prevalence of TEE and its relationship with in-hospital death among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 who were admitted between 1st March to 20th April 2020 in a multicentric network of sixteen Hospitals in Spain. TEE was defined by the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), acute ischemic stroke (AIS), systemic arterial embolism or myocardial infarction (MI).

Results

We studied 1737 patients with proven COVID-19 infection of whom 276 died (15.9%). TEE were presented in 64 (3.7%) patients: 49 (76.6%) patients had a VTE, 8 (12.5%) patients had MI, 6 (9.4%%) patients had AIS, and one (1.5%) patient a thrombosis of portal vein. TEE patients exhibited a diffuse profile: older, high levels of D-dimer protein and a tendency of lower levels of prothrombin. The multivariate regression models, confirmed the association between in-hospital death and age (odds ratio [OR] 1.12 [95% CI 1.10-1.14], p<0.001), diabetes (OR 1.49 [95% CI 1.04-2.13], p = 0.029), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR 1.61 [95% CI 1.03-2.53], p = 0.039), ICU care (OR 9.39 [95% CI 5.69-15.51], p<0.001), and TTE (OR 2.24 [95% CI 1.17-4.29], p = 0.015).

Conclusions

Special attention is needed among hospitalized COVID-19 patients with TTE and other comorbidities as they have an increased risk of in-hospital death.