Abdominal Panniculectomy: An Analysis of Outcomes in 238 Consecutive Patients over 10 Years

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Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2021 Nov 24;9(11):e3955. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000003955. eCollection 2021 Nov.

ABSTRACT

Panniculectomy is a commonly performed body contouring procedure to address skin laxity and its related complications. This study aimed to assess clinical outcomes of abdominal panniculectomy and identify predictors of complications at a tertiary academic healthcare center.

METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent panniculectomy between January 2010 and January 2020 at our institution was performed. Exclusion criteria were a history of prior panniculectomy or abdominoplasty. Patient characteristics and clinical outcomes were collected. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to assess the risk factors of complications.

RESULTS: The mean age in the included 238 patients was 51.7 ± 12.7 years, and the mean body mass index (BMI) at the time of panniculectomy was 33 ± 7.5 kg/m2. Median resection weight was 2.7 kg (range: 0.15-14.6) and median length of hospital stay was 2 days (range: 0-24). Mean follow-up time was 50 ± 37 months. The rate of major complications was 22.3%. Revision surgery was performed in 3.4% of the cases. Multivariable analyses demonstrated that increase in BMI (P = 0.007) and active smoking (P = 0.026) were significantly associated with increased odds of major complication, and increase in BMI (P = 0.0004), history of venous thromboembolism (P = 0.034) and having a concomitant ventral hernia repair (P = 0.0044) were significantly associated with having a length of hospital stay of 3 days or more.

CONCLUSIONS: Panniculectomy is generally safe to perform, with major postoperative complication rate of 22.3% in our series. Increase in BMI and active smoking were significantly associated with having a major complication. Higher BMI, concomitant hernia repair, and a history of venous thromboembolism were associated with length of hospital stay of 3 days or more.

PMID:34840922 | PMC:PMC8613336 | DOI:10.1097/GOX.0000000000003955