CHBMS Screening in Yemeni women in Malaysia Found Effective

Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS) is a scale used by social psychologists to estimate the beliefs of individuals and why they fail to participate in various disease schemes. It has been used severally to find out women’s beliefs concerning breast cancer and its screening. It has, however, had limited use in locations with ethnic minorities.

A survey published on Biomed Central (BMC) analyzes the viability of CHBMS by studying the structure and internal viability of various factors among women in Yemeni, Malaysia. The survey involved 103 females from 10 schools in Yemen. The study used Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients to calculate descriptive statistics for socio-demographic characteristics.

The study ran from October 2016 to March 2017 and involved 120 Yemeni participants from the Klang Valley. One hundred and twenty questionnaires were handed out to participants and 103 (86%), the study yielded six and five factors that affected breast self-examination (BSE) and mammography (MMG) respectively. These factors were susceptibility, seriousness, benefits of BSE, health motivation, benefits of MMG, barriers of BSE and MMG, and confidence in performing BSE.

The psychometric properties of the Health Belief Model (HBM) for evaluating the beliefs of women on breast cancer (BC) and breast cancer screening (BCS) as tested on Yemeni female teachers from Klang Valley, Malaysia was found to be reliable and viable. The research proved that CHBMS was effective and could be easily used by health providers for further research. The study proved that CHBMS is a viable instrument for testing intervention programs.

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