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Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2021 Apr 14;42(4):332-337. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-2727.2021.04.011.
Objective: To explore the influence of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and controlling nutritional status (CONUT) on the prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma. Methods: Data of 157 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) at the affiliated hospital of Xuzhou medical university from January 2014 to December 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. The operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was adopted as the optimal cut-off point. PNI and CONUT were grouped based on the cut-off points of 44.45 and 3.5, respectively, and the differences between age, gender, serum calcium, β(2)-microglobulin, serum creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase, and hemoglobin were analyzed. The prognostic factors were analyzed via univariate and Cox multivariate regression analyses. Results: The level of PNI and CONUT is the influencing factor of OS time. The univariate analysis revealed that age, LDH, plasma cell ratio, β(2)-microglobulin, ISS stage, PNI, and CONUT were the risk factors for the prognosis of patients with MM. The multivariate analysis revealed that age (HR=1.636, 95%CI 1.014-2.640) , plasma cell ratio (HR=1.953, 95%CI 1.232-3.096) , and PNI (HR=0.513, 95%CI 0.287-0.917) were the independent prognostic risk factors of patients with MM. Conclusion: Low PNI in patients with MM indicates a poor prognosis, which is an independent prognosis risk factor.