Feasibility of six cycles of lenalidomide-based triplet induction before stem cell collection for newly diagnosed transplant-eligible multiple myeloma

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Hematology. 2021 Dec;26(1):388-392. doi: 10.1080/16078454.2021.1926101.


OBJECTIVES: Achieving a deep response with induction therapy has a major impact on outcomes following autologous stem cell transplantation. Although longer and intensified induction therapy may provide better disease control, longer exposure to lenalidomide negatively affects stem cell yield. We examined the feasibility of 6 cycles of lenalidomide-based triplet induction therapy before stem cell collection in transplant-eligible multiple myeloma patients.

METHODS: In this prospective study, patients received a combination of bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone for 6 cycles. For patients who did not achieve a deep response after 3 cycles, bortezomib was substituted with carfilzomib for the last 2 cycles (5th and 6th courses).

RESULTS: Although only half of the patients achieved a deep response after 3 cycles, all but 1 patient achieved a very good partial response (n = 4) or complete response (n = 5) after completing 6 cycles. Among 9 patients who received cyclophosphamide-based stem cell mobilization, 1 patient required a second mobilization that was successfully performed using plerixafor. After autologous transplantation, 7 patients showed complete response, including 5 with minimal residual disease-negative status.

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that 6 cycles of lenalidomide-based induction therapy before stem cell collection are a feasible and promising approach for transplant-eligible newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients.The study is registered at UMIN Clinical Trials Registry as UMIN000026936.Trial registration: UMIN Japan identifier: UMIN000026936.

PMID:34000225 | DOI:10.1080/16078454.2021.1926101