White and Black Differences in Perceived Access to Health and Community Services and Self-Rated Health in an Age-Friendly Community Assessment

J Appl Gerontol. 2021 Jun 11:7334648211023251. doi: 10.1177/07334648211023251. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify the race differences in perceived access to health and community services and self-rated health (SRH) among White and Black older adult participants of an age-friendly community assessment.

METHODS: Responses (n = 313) to a baseline assessment of Columbus, Ohio, residents aged ≥50 years were analyzed.

RESULTS: Significant differences were found between White and Black older adults regarding SRH, with Black older adults reporting lower SRH. Black older adults reported significantly lower perceived access to 11 out of the 13 health and community services. There were no significant differences by race regarding ratings of Columbus and personal neighborhoods as a place for people to live as they age. Regression analyses found income was a significant predictor of SRH for both White and Black older adults.

DISCUSSION: Opportunities to increase perceived access and knowledge of health and community services for older adults through targeted, equitable interventions are warranted.

PMID:34114498 | DOI:10.1177/07334648211023251