Understanding the Interplay Between Health Disparities and Epigenomics

Front Genet. 2020 Aug 20;11:903. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2020.00903. eCollection 2020.


Social epigenomics has emerged as an integrative field of research focused on identification of socio-environmental factors, their influence on human biology through epigenomic modifications, and how they contribute to current health disparities. Several health disparities studies have been published using genetic-based approaches; however, increasing accessibility and affordability of molecular technologies have allowed for an in-depth investigation of the influence of external factors on epigenetic modifications (e.g., DNA methylation, micro-RNA expression). Currently, research is focused on epigenetic changes in response to environment, as well as targeted epigenetic therapies and environmental/social strategies for potentially minimizing certain health disparities. Here, we will review recent findings in this field pertaining to conditions and diseases over life span encompassing prenatal to adult stages.

PMID:32973872 | PMC:PMC7468461 | DOI:10.3389/fgene.2020.00903