Trend and Geographic Disparities in the Mortality Rates of Primary Systemic Vasculitis in the United States from 1999 to 2019: A Population-Based Study

J Clin Med. 2021 Apr 18;10(8):1759. doi: 10.3390/jcm10081759.


The current data on rates and geographic distribution of vasculitis mortality are limited. We aimed to estimate the mortality rates of primary systemic vasculitis and its geographic distribution using recent population data in the United States. The mortality rates of vasculitis from 1999 to 2019 were obtained from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Wonder Multiple Cause of Death (MCD). The age-adjusted rates per million for vasculitis as MCD and as an underlying cause of death (UCD) were calculated by state using demographics. A joinpoint regression analysis was applied to evaluate trends over time. The age-adjusted mortality rate of vasculitis as MCD was 4.077 (95% CI: 4.029-4.125) and as a UCD was 1.888 per million (95% CI: 1.855-1.921). Since 1999, mortality rates have progressively decreased. The age-adjusted mortality rate was higher in females than in males. The highest mortality rate for vasculitis as MCD was in White patients (4.371; 95% CI: 4.317-4.424). The northern states and areas with lower populations had higher mortality rates. We found a trend of progressive decreases in the mortality rates of vasculitis, as well as gender, racial, and geographic disparities. Further analyses are warranted to better understand the factors associated with these disparities in order to implement targeted public health interventions to decrease them.

PMID:33919526 | DOI:10.3390/jcm10081759