The Role of RASSF1 Methylation in Lung Carcinoma

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2020;1255:99-108. doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-4494-1_8.


Lung carcinoma is the most frequently diagnosed malignant neoplasms and mainly consists of small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Large number of lung carcinoma patients have poor outcomes due to the late diagnosis and the limited therapeutic options. Previous attempts have proved that the evolution of lung carcinoma is a multistep molecular aberration which various genetic or epigenetic alterations may be take part in. Among these molecular aberrations, the inactivation of tumor suppressor gene has been widely observed in all types of carcinoma including lung carcinoma. As a vital inactivated mechanism, DNA methylation of tumor suppressor gene is frequently found in lung cancer. To gain exhaustive comprehension of the carcinogenesis of lung carcinoma, we summarize our current knowledge on DNA methylation of RASSF1 (RAS-Association Domain Family 1) and its clinical significance in lung carcinoma.

PMID:32949393 | DOI:10.1007/978-981-15-4494-1_8