The National Cancer Institute's Role in Advancing Health-care Delivery Research

J Natl Cancer Inst. 2021 May 16:djab096. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djab096. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Improvements in cancer care delivery have the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality from cancer, however challenges to delivery of recommended care limit progress. These challenges include growing demands for care, increasing treatment complexity, inadequate care coordination, dramatic increases in costs, persistent disparities in care, and insufficient use of evidence-based guidelines. Recognizing the important role of research in understanding and addressing these challenges, the National Cancer Institute created the Healthcare Delivery Research Program (HDRP) in 2015 as a catalyst for expanding work in this area. Health-care delivery research is a multidisciplinary effort which recognizes that care delivery occurs in a multilevel system encompassing individuals, health-care systems, and communities. HDRP staff use a range of activities to fulfill the program’s mission of advancing innovative research to improve delivery of care across the cancer control continuum. In addition to developing funding opportunities, HDRP staff support and facilitate the use of research infrastructure for conducting health-care delivery research, oversee publicly available data that can be used to evaluate patterns, costs, and patient experiences of care, contribute to development and dissemination of standardized health measurement tools for public use, and support professional development and training to build capacity within the field and grow the workforce. As HDRP enters its sixth year, we appreciate the opportunity to reflect on the program’s progress in advancing the science of health-care delivery. At the same time, we recognize the need for the program to evolve and develop additional resources and opportunities to address new and emerging challenges.

PMID:33993284 | DOI:10.1093/jnci/djab096