The impact of race, comorbid conditions and obesity on survival endpoints in women with high grade endometrial carcinoma

Gynecol Oncol. 2021 May 10:S0090-8258(21)00356-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2021.04.036. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To estimate overall survival, disease-specific survival, and progression-free survival among high grade endometrial carcinoma cases and to determine factors impacting survival for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black women.

METHODS: We identified high grade endometrial carcinoma cases among non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black women from ongoing institutional studies, and determined eligibility through medical record and pathologic review. We estimated effects of demographic and clinical variables on survival outcomes using Kaplan Meier methods and Cox proportional hazards modelling.

RESULTS: Non-Hispanic Black women with BMI <25.0 had poorest overall survival compared to non-Hispanic white women with BMI <25.0 (HR 3.03; 95% CI [1.35, 6.81]), followed by non-Hispanic black women with BMI 25.0+ (HR 2.43; 95% CI [1.28, 4.60]). A similar pattern emerged for disease-specific survival. Non-Hispanic black women also had poorer progression-free survival than non-Hispanic white women (HR 1.40; 95% CI [1.01, 1.93]). Other significant factors impacting survival outcomes included receipt of National Cancer Center Network (NCCN) guideline-concordant treatment (GCT), earlier stage at diagnosis, and fewer comorbid conditions.

CONCLUSIONS: BMI and race interact and modify the association with high grade endometrial carcinoma survival. Other potentially modifiable factors, such as reducing comorbidities and increasing access to GCT will potentially improve survival after diagnosis of high grade endometrial carcinomas. A better understanding of the molecular drivers of these high grade carcinomas may lead to targeted therapies that reduce morbidity and mortality associated with these aggressive tumors.

PMID:33985795 | DOI:10.1016/j.ygyno.2021.04.036