Racial disparities in routine health checkup and adherence to cancer screening guidelines among women in the United States of America

Cancer Causes Control. 2021 Jul 3. doi: 10.1007/s10552-021-01475-5. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Routine health checkup and cancer screening rates among women are suboptimal, partially due to the health care disparities by race/ethnicity in the USA. This study examined the previously understudied associations between routine health checkup, cervical cancer screening, and breast cancer screening by race/ethnicity using the national representative sample of women.

METHODS: Data were obtained from three cycles (2017, 2018, and 2019) of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) (n = 12,227). Survey-weighted logistic regressions were evaluated to assess associations between routine health checkup and cervical and breast cancer screening compliance with the established guidelines with the age criteria and frequency of screening by race/ethnicity (Black, White, Hispanic, and Other).

RESULTS: This study included 6,941 women in the cervical cancer screening and 8,005 women for breast cancer screening, considering the age criteria. Women who had received routine health checkups were more likely to meet the cervical cancer screening guideline (Odds ratio 3.24, p < 0.05) and breast cancer screening guideline (OR 5.86, p < 0.05) compared to women who did not receive routine health checkups. While routine health checkups were associated with both types of cancer screenings in most racial/ethnic groups, analyses stratified by race/ethnicity suggest that Hispanic women and Other women did not benefit from routine health checkup in relation to cervical and breast cancer screening, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Promotion of routine health checkups could promote cancer screening among women across racial/ethnic groups, although specific racial/ethnic groups may require additional support.

PMID:34216336 | DOI:10.1007/s10552-021-01475-5