Quantitative parameters of MRI and 18F-FDG PET/CT in the prediction of breast cancer prognosis and molecular type: an original study

Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2020 Dec 15;10(6):279-292. eCollection 2020.


The purpose of this work is to evaluate the quantitative parameters of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), particularly diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) as well as positron-emission tomography, combined with computer tomography (PET/CT), with 18F-fluorodesoxyglucose, in the prediction of breast cancer molecular type. We studied the correlation between a set of parameters in the invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast, not otherwise specified (IDC-NOS) as it is the most common invasive breast tumor. The parameters were as follows: apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in DWI, positive enhancement integral (PEI) in DCE, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in 18F-FDG PET/CT, tumor size, grade, and Ki-67 index, level of lymph node metastatic lesions. We also evaluated the probability of a statistically significant difference in mean ADC, PEI, and SUVmax values for patient groups with different Nottingham prognostic index (NPI) and molecular tumor type. Statistically significant correlations between SUVmax, tumor size, and NPI, mean and minimal ADC values with Ki-67 and molecular tumor type were found. The PEI showed a correlation with the NPI risk level and was characterized by a relationship with the magnitude of the predicted NPI risk and regional lymph node involvement. The prognostic model created in our work allows for NPI risk group prediction. The SUVmax, ADC and PEI are non-invasive prognostic markers in the invasive breast cancer of no specific type. The correlation between ADC values and the expression of some tumor receptors can be used for in vivo molecular tumor type monitoring and treatment adjustment.

PMID:33329930 | PMC:PMC7724282