Prognosis of metastasis based on age and serum analytes after follow-up of non-metastatic lung cancer patients

Transl Oncol. 2020 Nov 11;14(1):100933. doi: 10.1016/j.tranon.2020.100933. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

At the diagnostic stage, metastasis detection is around 75% in the lung cancer patients. Major clinical challenge faced by medical oncologists is the unpredictable metastasis development in non-metastatic patients. The literature regarding the biomarkers/factors prognosticating metastasis in non-metastatic patients during follow-up is very limited. In this pilot study, the levels of serum biomarkers (IL-8, VEGF, MMP-2, MMP-9) were measured at diagnosis stage of non-metastatic lung cancer patients and these observations were evaluated for metastasis development after follow-up of median 29.2 months. After follow-up, ∼40% of these patients developed metastasis. The average age of non-metastatic patients which later developed metastasis, was found to be lower than the patients continued to be non-metastatic. These patients also showed higher levels of IL-8 and MMP-9 than the patients which did not develop metastasis. Analysis of Receiver Operating Characteristic Curves, Youden’s Index and positive likelihood ratio values showed better diagnostic ability for IL-8 and MMP-9, which improved when both markers used together. Moreover, patients with age ≤60 years showed higher prognostic ability of metastasis development, which was significantly enhanced when patient age was analysed with IL-8. These results suggest potential of serum analytes (IL-8, MMP-9) and/or patient age in prognosticating the metastasis development in non-metastatic patients.

PMID:33188981 | DOI:10.1016/j.tranon.2020.100933