Physician Attitudes and Self-reported Practices Toward Prostate Cancer Screening in Black and White Men

Fam Med. 2022 Jan;54(1):30-37. doi: 10.22454/FamMed.2022.474827.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Updated 2018 prostate cancer screening guidelines recommend informed decision-making discussions, which should include education on prostate cancer’s disproportionate impact on Black men. It is unknown whether academic family physicians follow these guidelines.

METHODS: Family physicians were surveyed as part of the 2020 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey. We used χ2 to compare physicians’ knowledge and screening practices stratified by physician age, gender, and percentage of Black patients in patient panel. We calculated logistic regressions predicting shared decision-making conversations, barriers to shared decision-making, inclusion of race in prostate cancer screening approach, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing adjusted for physician age, gender, and percentage of Black patients.

RESULTS: Physicians reported engaging in shared decision-making for prostate cancer screening in half of eligible men. Only 29.2% of physicians reported routinely informing Black men of their increased prostate cancer risk. In logistic regressions, physician gender (female) and fewer Black patients in panel (<25%) were associated with lower frequency of shared decision-making with Black patients. Physician age (<40 years) was associated with not discussing race during screening discussions (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.55-3.23).

CONCLUSIONS: Most academic family physicians do not appropriately inform Black men of increased prostate cancer risk, with younger physicians less likely to discuss race than older physicians. Female physicians, and physicians who see fewer Black patients, are less likely to have shared decision-making conversations with Black patients. This suggests educational efforts for these groups are needed to address health disparities in prostate cancer.

PMID:35006597 | DOI:10.22454/FamMed.2022.474827