Paradoxical Cerebral Perfusion in Parkinson's Disease Patients with Orthostatic Hypotension: A Dual-Phase 18F-Florbetaben Positron Emission Tomography Study

J Parkinsons Dis. 2021 May 19. doi: 10.3233/JPD-212596. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) may antedate Parkinson’s disease (PD) or be found in early stages of the disease. OH may induce a PD brain to chronic hypotensive insults. 18F-Florbetaben (18F-FBB) tracer has a high first-pass influx rate and can be used with positron emission tomography (PET) as a surrogate marker for early- and late-phase evaluation of cerebral perfusion and cerebral amyloidosis, respectively.

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated whether 18F-FBB uptake in the early- and late-phases of PD was related to OH. This study manipulated the imaging modality to illustrate the physiology of cerebral flow with OH in PD (PD + OH).

METHODS: A group of 73 early-stage PD patients was evaluated with a head-up tilt-test and 18F-FBB PET imaging. The cognitive status was assessed by a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests. PET images were normalized, and both early- and late-phase standardized uptake value ratios (SUVRs) of pre-specified regions were obtained. The associations between regional SUVRs and OH and cognitive status were analyzed.

RESULTS: Twenty (27.4%) participants had OH. Thirteen (17.8%) patients were interpreted as having amyloid pathology based on regional 18F-FBB uptake. Early-phase SUVRs were higher in specific brain regions of PD + OH patients those without OH. However, late-phase SUVRs did not differ between the groups. The early-phase SUVRs were not influenced by amyloid burden or by interaction between amyloid and orthostatic hypotension. Cognitive functions were not disparate when PD + OH patients were contrasted with non-OH patients in this study.

CONCLUSION: Cerebral blood flow was elevated in patients with early PD + OH. This finding suggests augmented cerebral perfusion in PD + OH might be a compensatory regulation in response to chronic OH.

PMID:34024782 | DOI:10.3233/JPD-212596