On a hybrid lossless compression technique for three-dimensional medical images

J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2021 May 7. doi: 10.1002/acm2.12960. Online ahead of print.


In the last two decades, incredible progress in various medical imaging modalities and sensing techniques have been made, leading to the proliferation of three-dimensional (3D) imagery. Byproduct of such great progress is the production of huge volume of medical images and this big data place a burden on automatic image processing methods for diagnostic assistance processes. Moreover, large amount of medical imaging data needs to be transmitted with no loss of information for the purpose of telemedicine, remote diagnosis etc. In this work, we consider a hybrid lossless compression technique with object-based features for three-dimensional (3D) medical images. Our approach utilizes two phases as follows: first we determine the volume of interest (VOI) for a given 3D medical imagery using selective bounding volume (SBV) method, and second the obtained VOI is encoded using a hybrid lossless algorithm using Lembel-Ziv-Welch Coding (LZW) followed by arithmetic coding (L to A). Experimental results show that our proposed 3D medical image compression method is comparable with other existing standard lossless encoding methods such as Huffman Coding, Run Length Coding, LZW, and Arithmetic Coding and obtains superior results overall.

PMID:33960632 | DOI:10.1002/acm2.12960