Nursing Professionals' Mental Well-being and Workplace Impairment During the COVID-19 Crisis: Network Analysis

J Nurs Manag. 2021 Feb 19. doi: 10.1111/jonm.13285. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

AIM: This study investigated the effects of years of nursing experience and mental health on work impairment among nurses during the COVID-19 crisis.

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 crisis, nurses experience a greater psychological burden than other health care workers. Studies have not yet investigated the effects of years in nursing and mental health on potential work impairment during the COVID-19 crisis in nurses.

METHODS: A survey was administered to 83 nurses on active duty during the COVID-19 crisis. The graphical LASSO and the DAG helped estimate associations between years of nursing experience, mental health, and work impairment.

RESULTS: A moderate negative correlation emerged between years of nursing experience, avoidance, and work impairment. A direct effect was observed between anxiety and work impairment. A moderate positive correlation emerged between anxiety, depression, and work impairment. An indirect effect was observed between depression, burnout, insomnia, years of nursing experience, and work impairment.

CONCLUSIONS: In the present sample, nurses’ work impairment decreased with greater years of nursing experience and increased with higher anxiety, depression, burnout, and avoidance levels.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: These findings can help design effective infectious disease management programs for students and professionals in nursing to prevent break downs and avoid work impairment.

PMID:33604981 | DOI:10.1111/jonm.13285