Anticancer Drugs. 2021 Jun 25. doi: 10.1097/CAD.0000000000001097. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, clinicians are required to manage patient care for pre-existing conditions. Currently, there are no clear indications regarding the management of lenvatinib-treated patients for radioiodine-refractory thyroid cancer and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection.
CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old male patient was treated with lenvatinib since March 2019, with disease recurrence in the thyroid bed and bilateral multiple lung metastases. The patient partially responded to treatment, with reduction in lung metastases. In September 2019, the patient tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and isolated at home. Initially asymptomatic, the patient developed mild symptoms. Lenvatinib treatment continued with daily monitoring of vital signs. After telemedicine consultation of patient’s clinical condition, severity of symptoms was low. He tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 21 days after testing positive. The patient received the full course of lenvatinib treatment.
RESULTS: This is the first reported case of a lenvatinib-treated patient who developed COVID-19 and could continue treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite concerns over COVID-19, clinicians should not overlook treatment of pre-existing diseases or discontinue treatment, particularly for cancer. Clinicians should evaluate a patient’s history and clinical presentation, monitoring the patient to reduce the development of complications in high-risk settings, avoiding treatment discontinuation.