J Am Coll Radiol. 2022 Jan;19(1 Pt B):146-154. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2021.09.009.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate disparities in time between breast biopsy recommendation and completion and the impact of a same-day biopsy (SDB) program for patients with serious mental illness (SMI), with a focus on more vulnerable individuals with public payer insurance.
METHODS: In August 2017, the authors’ academic breast imaging center started routinely offering needle biopsies on the day of recommendation. Primary outcomes were the proportion of biopsies performed as SDBs and days from biopsy recommendation to completion over a 2.5-year pre- versus postintervention period, comparing all patients with SMI versus those without, and public payer-insured patients <65 years of age with SMI (SMI-PP) versus without SMI (non-SMI-PP). Multivariable proportional odds and logistic regression models were fit to assess association of SMI status, age, race/ethnicity, language, and insurance with days to biopsy and SDB within each period.
RESULTS: There were 2,026 biopsies preintervention and 2,361 biopsies postintervention. Preintervention, 8.43% of patients with SMI (7 of 83) underwent SDB compared with 15.59% of those without SMI (303 of 1,943) (P = .076), and 2.7% of the SMI-PP subgroup (1 of 37) underwent SDB compared with 15.88% of the non-SMI-PP subgroup (47 of 296) (P = .031). Adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, and language, disparities persisted in odds for undergoing SDB (adjusted odds ratio, 0.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.02-0.92; P = .04) and having longer days to biopsy (adjusted odds ratio, 2.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-4.37; P = .01) for the SMI-PP subgroup compared with the non-SMI-PP subgroup in the preintervention period. There was no evidence of these disparities postintervention for the SMI-PP subgroup. SDB proportion increased from 15.3% (310 of 2,026) to 36.09% (852 of 2,361) (P < .001) across all patients.
CONCLUSIONS: A same-day breast biopsy program mitigates disparities in time to biopsy for patients with SMI and helps improve breast cancer care equity for this vulnerable population.