Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis High-resolution Computed Tomography Findings, and Their Correlation with the Etiology and the Disease Duration

Prague Med Rep. 2020;121(3):133-141. doi: 10.14712/23362936.2020.12.

ABSTRACT

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is an immune-mediated diffuse parenchymal lung disease induced by inhaled antigens. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is widely used in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients and determining the progression and prognosis of the disease. In this retrospective study, 45 consecutive patients with the final diagnosis of HP, seen at a large tertiary care center during a period of 4 years, were included and their HRCT findings were evaluated. The most common HRCT findings were ground glass opacity and reticulation. Some HRCT patterns were detected more severely in bird fanciers in comparison with other etiologies. There is no “gold standard” for the diagnosis of HP. HRCT findings play an important role in hypersensitivity pneumonitis diagnosis and CT scan also help to define the severity of hypersensitivity pneumonitis injuries. In our study, reticulation and ground glass opacity were the most common findings in HRCT of patients with HP. We also find that patients with avian contacts had a significantly higher rate of fibrosis.

PMID:33030142 | DOI:10.14712/23362936.2020.12