HER2-Altered Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Biology, Clinicopathologic Features, and Emerging Therapies

Front Oncol. 2022 Mar 29;12:860313. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.860313. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

Multiple oncogenic molecular alterations have been discovered that serve as potential drug targets in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). While the pathogenic and pharmacological features of common targets in NSCLC have been widely investigated, those of uncommon targets are still needed to be clarified. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2, ERBB2)-altered tumors represent a highly heterogeneous group of diseases, which consists of three distinct situations including mutation, amplification and overexpression. Compared with breast and gastric cancer, previous studies have shown modest and variable results of anti-HER2 treatments in lung cancers with HER2 aberrations, thus effective therapies in these patients represent an unmet medical need. By far, encouraging efforts towards novel treatment strategies have been made to improve the clinical outcomes of these patients. In this review, we describe the biological and clinicopathological characteristics of HER2 alterations and systematically sum up recent studies on emerging therapies for this subset of patients.

PMID:35425713 | PMC:PMC9002096 | DOI:10.3389/fonc.2022.860313