Experience of outreach in a resource-constrained environment: 10 years of outcomes in burn care

Burns. 2021 Feb 9:S0305-4179(21)00026-7. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2021.01.019. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to describe an efficient and sustainable outreach model in a resource-constrained environment, with a multifaceted approach focusing on national policy change, telemedicine, injury prevention, education and treatment of burns.

SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Burn injury constitutes a significant portion of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in children, and in low- and middle-income countries.

METHODS: We reviewed the impact of ten-years of a burn outreach program. Our focus was on clinical data on burn care within one region of Ukraine. We assessed knowledge of burn prevention/first aid utilizing a large survey, analyzed clinical data from our outreach clinic and telemedicine program, and analyzed data within a newly created burn repository within Ukraine.

RESULTS: A national burn prevention policy has been implemented through our efforts along with a burn prevention program. Educational efforts have led to improvements of major complication rates (wound infection [7% vs. 16%], pneumonia [2.4% vs. 0.3%], sepsis [1.6% vs. 0.6%], UTI [2% vs. 0.6%], and cellulitis [11% vs. 3.4%]), respiratory support of acutely ill patients [1.3% vs. 0.4%], and blood transfusion triggers.

CONCLUSIONS: Broadly, our model could be an example of building sustainable outreach programs in resource-constrained environments. Through collaboration with local healthcare providers, we have developed and implemented an outreach program in a resource-constrained environment.

PMID:33642122 | DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2021.01.019