Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Mar 3;18(5):2502. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18052502.
Chronic diseases are a major cause of death and have a negative impact on community health. This study explored the effects of a chronic-disease management program utilizing the physician-primary-healthcare nurse telemedicine model (P-NTM) on medication adherence and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in 113 patients with chronic diseases in remote rural areas. We used a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent-control-group pretest-post-test design. This study used secondary data from the 2018 Pilot Telemedicine Project for Underserved Remote Rural Areas. In this study, 113 subjects participated, in which the patient’s first visit was assigned as a control group for the previous face-to-face hospital care; after three months of receiving the P-NTM program, the same subjects were assigned to be the experiment group for P-NTM. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, a paired t-test, and logistic regression. With regard to the results, subjects showed a 1.76 times higher probability of improving medication adherence after participating in P-NTM compared to hospital care (odds ratio (OR) = 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.34-2.31). Our findings showed that patients with chronic diseases, especially those who reside in remote rural areas, should be provided with effective health services, utilizing various strategies to enhance a healthy life.