Dysfunctional Eating Behaviors and Dietary Intake in Puerto Rico

J Immigr Minor Health. 2021 Mar 18. doi: 10.1007/s10903-021-01156-0. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Dysfunctional eating behaviors (DEB: emotional eating (EE), uncontrolled eating (UE) and cognitive restraint (CR)) are prevalent in U.S. Latinos and may influence diet. However, this has not been studied in Puerto Rico (PR). This study documents DEB in PR, and explores associations with diet. Cross-sectional study of adults (n = 92) in Ponce, PR. DEB were measured with the TFEQ-R18-V2. The Block Fat and Fruits and Vegetables Screener measured dietary intake. Analysis included adjusted proportions, means and linear regressions. 76%, 88%, and 87% of participants experienced EE, UE and CR, respectively. EE was associated with calories from fats (β = 1.95, 95% CI 0.40, 3.51) and saturated fats (β = 3.26, 95% CI 0.67, 5.85), and CR with fruits and vegetables (β = 0.69, 95% CI 0.20, 1.19). A large percentage of the sample experienced DEB. EE and CR were associated with dietary intake. Studies are needed to understand associations between DEB, diet and health in PR.

PMID:33733376 | DOI:10.1007/s10903-021-01156-0