J Clin Neurosci. 2021 Jul;89:39-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2021.04.021. Epub 2021 Apr 30.
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) categorized as a cerebral small vessel disease can cause lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and ischemic stroke (IS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in the diagnosis of CAA based on hospital characteristics and to assess the discharge outcomes of patients with CAA admitted for IS, ICH and SAH. Adult patients admitted with secondary diagnosis of CAA were identified in National Inpatient Sample in 2016 and 2017. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate outcomes. A total of 16,040 patients had a secondary diagnosis of CAA. Among CAA patients, 1810 (11.3%) patients were admitted for IS, 4765 (29.7%) for ICH and 490 (3.1%) for SAH. Diagnosis of CAA was five-fold higher among patients admitted to urban teaching hospitals (aOR = 5.4;95% CI = 4.1-7.2) compared to rural hospitals and two-fold higher in large bed size hospitals (aOR = 2.3;95% CI = 2.0-2.7) compared to small bed size hospitals. Compared to non-CAA group, patients with history of CAA had lower odds of in-hospital mortality among patients admitted for ICH (10% vs 23%, aOR = 0.35; 95%CI = 0.27-0.44) and SAH (6% vs 19%, aOR = 0.24; 95%CI = 0.10-0.55); and higher odds of discharge to home among patients admitted for ICH (17% vs 18%, aOR = 1.27; 95%CI = 1.05-1.53). CAA diagnosis is less common in rural and small bed size hospitals compared to urban and large bedside hospitals, respectively. Patients with CAA admitted for ICH have better discharge outcomes compared to non-CAA patients admitted for ICH.