Differences in Breast Cancer Screening Practices by Diabetes Status and Race/Ethnicity in the United States

J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Dec 17. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2021.0396. Online ahead of print.


Introduction: Socioeconomic and health-related factors, including comorbid illness, may affect mammography screening rates and subsequently contribute to breast cancer outcomes. We explored the association between diabetes and mammography screening, and whether this association varied between racial, ethnic, and geographic groups. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the 2012, 2014, 2016, and 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to fit logistic regression models assessing the association between diabetes and up-to-date mammography screening in 497,600 women, aged 50-74 years. Participants were considered exposed if they responded “yes” to “(Ever told) you have diabetes?” and up to date on screening if they responded “yes” to having a mammogram within the past 2 years. Models were adjusted for age, health status, socioeconomic, and access variables. Results: The majority of participants were White (79.6%), non-Hispanic (88.9%), and up to date on screening (78.8%). Overall, 16.8% reported having diabetes. In fully adjusted models, White women with diabetes were 12% more likely to be up to date on screening (odds ratio [OR]: 1.12, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-1.19) than those without diabetes. Black/African American women and those of Hispanic ethnicity with diabetes were more likely to report being up to date with mammography (ORBlack: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.12-1.45; ORHispanic: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.13-1.24) than those without. Patterns were similar across geographic regions. Conclusions: Women of ages 50-74 years with diabetes were more likely to be up to date on screening than women without diabetes. Chronic disease management may represent an opportunity to address cancer screening.

PMID:34935471 | DOI:10.1089/jwh.2021.0396