Diagnostic value of integrated 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/MRI compared with that of biparametric MRI for the detection of prostate cancer

Prostate Int. 2022 Jun;10(2):108-116. doi: 10.1016/j.prnil.2022.03.003. Epub 2022 Mar 28.


OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of fluorine 18 (18F)-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-1007 Positron emission tomography/Magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) and compared with that of biparametric MRI (bpMRI) for the detection of prostate cancer (PCa).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study enrolled 29 patients with suspected PCa preoperatively who underwent 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/MRI and subsequent targeted biopsy for suspected PCa lesions. Two readers independently assessed the images of each suspected PCa lesion and determined their overall assessment category on bpMRI and 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/MRI. By using biopsy histopathology as the reference standard, the accuracies of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/MRI and bpMRI for the detection of PCa lesion were determined. Furthermore, the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves of their semi-quantitative parameters of the optimal standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for detecting PCa lesions were derived, and their correlations with the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade were reported.

RESULTS: Of the 48 suspected PCa lesions in 29 patients, 38 were pathologically diagnosed with clinically significant PCa and 10 with nonprostate cancer (non-PCa) lesions. Compared with the pathological results, 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/MRI demonstrated much greater diagnostic accuracy (area under the curve, AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value than bpMRI: 0.974 versus 0.711, 94.74% versus 92.11%, 100% versus 50%, 100% versus 87.50%, and 83.33% versus 62.50%, respectively. The semi-quantitative parameters of SUVmax demonstrated a higher AUC of 0.874 than that of ADC with 0.776 for detecting PCa. The ISUP grade was positively associated with SUVmax at spearman’s rho correlation coefficient (Rho) = 0.539, p = 0), but not associated with ADC (Rho = -0.105, p = 0.529).

CONCLUSION: The diagnostic value of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/MRI for the detection of PCa is better than that of bpMRI, and a high SUVmax may indicate a lesion with a high ISUP grade.

PMID:35510079 | PMC:PMC9052074 | DOI:10.1016/j.prnil.2022.03.003