Cardiac amyloidosis characterization by kinetic model fitting on [18F]florbetaben PET images

J Nucl Cardiol. 2021 Apr 16. doi: 10.1007/s12350-021-02608-8. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of kinetic modeling-based approaches from [18F]-Flobetaben dynamic PET images as a non-invasive diagnostic method for cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and to identify the two AL- and ATTR-subtypes.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-one patients with diagnoses of CA (11 patients with AL-subtype and 10 patients with ATTR-subtype of CA) and 15 Control patients with no-CA conditions underwent PET/CT imaging after [18F]Florbetaben bolus injection. A two-tissue-compartment (2TC) kinetic model was fitted to time-activity curves (TAC) obtained from left ventricle wall and left atrium cavity ROIs to estimate kinetic micro- and macro-parameters. Combinations of kinetic parameters were evaluated with the purpose of distinguishing Control subjects and CA patients, and to correctly label the last ones as AL- or ATTR-subtype. Resulting sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for Control subjects were: 0.87, 0.9, 0.89; as far as CA patients, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were respectively 0.9, 1, and 0.97 for AL-CA patients and 0.9, 0.92, 0.97 for ATTR-CA patients.

CONCLUSION: Pharmacokinetic analysis based on a 2TC model allows cardiac amyloidosis characterization from dynamic [18F]Florbetaben PET images. Estimated model parameters allows to not only distinguish between Control subjects and patients, but also between AL- and ATTR-amyloid patients.

PMID:33864226 | DOI:10.1007/s12350-021-02608-8