Cancer pain and lower functional status predict poor trajectories of symptom and fatigue distress in patients with lung cancer

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2021 Jan 23:e13403. doi: 10.1111/ecc.13403. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify distinct subgroups of patients newly diagnosed with lung cancer (LC) over time and to explore the predictors of distinct trajectories of symptom and fatigue distress in LC patients.

METHODS: A total of 120 patients newly diagnosed with LC were recruited in this longitudinal prospective study. Our survey investigated patients’ symptoms in 6 months. Latent growth curve analysis (LGCA) was conducted to identify patients with distinct trajectories of symptom and fatigue distress. The characteristics of the patients among groups were compared for statistical differences by the chi-square test or ANOVA.

RESULTS: The results of LGCA revealed that the linear three-trajectory model had the best model fit for symptom and fatigue distress. Patients’ symptom and fatigue distress improved with time, except for patients with increasing trajectories. Patients’ trajectories of symptom and fatigue distress were affected by pain, lower functional status, total symptom score and depression. Moreover, patients with increasing trajectories of symptom and fatigue distress experienced more pain, physiological symptoms and depression from 1 to 6 months.

CONCLUSIONS: Pain and functional status were the major factors that deteriorated the recovery of trajectory in symptom distress and fatigue distress among patients with increasing trajectories.

PMID:33484044 | DOI:10.1111/ecc.13403