Behavior change, health, and health disparities 2021: Rural addiction and health

Prev Med. 2021 Oct 7:106834. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2021.106834. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

This Special Issue of Preventive Medicine (PM) is the 8th in a series on behavior change, health, and health disparities. This is a topic of critical importance to improving U.S. population health. There is broad consensus that personal behavior patterns or lifestyle such as substance abuse, poor food choices, physical inactivity, and non-adherence with medical regimens are among the most important modifiable causes of chronic disease and premature death and contributors to recent decreases in U.S. longevity. While no U.S region is free of these problems, they disproportionately impact rural communities. As in prior Special Issues in this series, we devote considerable space to the ongoing U.S. opioid epidemic while also examining selected issues in rural health disparities involving tobacco use, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Across each of these topics we have recruited contributions from accomplished investigators, clinicians, and policymakers to acquaint readers with recent advances while also noting knowledge gaps and unresolved challenges.

PMID:34626647 | DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2021.106834