Abstinence phobia among adult African American/Black cannabis users

Addict Behav. 2022 Apr 28;132:107344. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2022.107344. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: African American/Black individuals experience significant health disparities, particularly as it relates to cannabis use. As such, there is a need to identify intrapersonal factors related to more severe patterns of use among this subpopulation. Worry about quitting or reducing cannabis as a result of the anticipated anxiety-related states during deprivation (i.e., abstinence phobia) is one factor that is theoretically important in the context of cannabis-related disparities.

METHOD: The current study sought to examine the cross-sectional association between abstinence phobia and cannabis use problems, perceived barriers for cannabis cessation, and cannabis withdrawal symptoms. Participants included 83 African American/Black cannabis users (31.3% female, Mage = 38.12, SD = 10.42).

RESULTS: Cannabis abstinence phobia was associated with greater severity of cannabis use problems, more perceived barriers for quitting cannabis use, and more severe cannabis withdrawal symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS: Abstinence phobia may represent an underrecognized intervention target for addressing cannabis use problems and quit success.

PMID:35569320 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2022.107344