A Rare Complication of Myocardial Infarction: Ventricular Septal Defect

Cureus. 2020 Aug 13;12(8):e9725. doi: 10.7759/cureus.9725.


Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare but lethal complication of myocardial infarction. We present a case of a 65-year-old male who presented with a history of progressive shortness of breath associated with productive cough. Physical examination was significant for crepitation in both lower lung fields and bilateral lower extremity edema. Chest X-ray revealed bilateral reticular opacities with small bilateral pleural effusions. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for COVID was positive. Echo showed a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 30-35%, ischemic cardiomyopathy, and muscular ventricular septal defects with left to right shunting and severely elevated pulmonary artery systolic pressure. Overtime during the hospital course, he developed respiratory and fulminant hepatic failure. Our patient had VSD due to an undiagnosed old myocardial infarction (MI). Initially heart failure was compensated and treated with medical management. Later on, he developed respiratory complications related to COVID-19 infection as well as hepatic failure in addition to a cardiomyopathy which made him a poor surgical candidate leading to death.

PMID:32944444 | PMC:PMC7489448 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.9725