Sex-related differences in outcome after endovascular revascularization for lower extremity artery disease

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Vasa. 2021 Nov 29. doi: 10.1024/0301-1526/a000978. Online ahead of print.


Background: Sex-related differences may influence the outcome of endovascular revascularization (EVR) in patients with lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) even under optimized healthcare supply. Patients and methods: LEAD patients who underwent EVR at the Department of Cardiology I – Coronary and Peripheral Vascular Disease, Heart Failure, University Hospital Muenster, Germany between 2014 and 2016 were included into the retrospective study. Detailed information on risk factors and co-morbidities, medication, LEAD related measures, and interventional parameters were assessed. Outcome defined as technical success rate, complications, and mortality was analyzed up to 12 months follow-up. Results: In total, 165 female and 437 male LEAD patients were included. Women and men presented with comparable severity of LEAD in terms of critical limb threatening ischemia (46.2%), wound status (34.9%), and amputation rate (9.6%, all n.s.) at index. Intake of platelet inhibitors (65.8% female vs. 70.0% male), oral anticoagulants (21.3% vs. 25.4%), and statins (65.6% vs. 76.0%) was observed less frequently in female patients. Against the background of high technical success (85%), in-hospital death (0.8%), severe adverse cardiac (MCE; 1.7%), and limb events (MALE; 6.1%) occurred at low rates in either sex. Adjusted long-term mortality was not affected by patients’ sex (female HR 0.755; p=0.312). Conclusions: Despite critical LEAD stages in every second patient, EVR was performed safe with high technical success rates in female and male patients. Long-term outcomes were observed at comparatively low rates in both sexes at the specialized vascular center. During aftercare, supply with statin therapy turned out improvable particularly in female LEAD patients.

PMID:34841885 | DOI:10.1024/0301-1526/a000978