Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome: Results From a Large Real-World Registry

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Heart Lung Circ. 2022 May 22:S1443-9506(22)00200-1. doi: 10.1016/j.hlc.2022.04.054. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the significance of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

METHODS: We evaluated 16,922 consecutive ACS patients who were prospectively included in a national ACS registry. The co-primary endpoint included 30 days major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) (re-infarction, stroke, and/or cardiovascular death) and 1-year mortality.

RESULTS: PAD patients were older (70±11 vs 63±13; p<0.01), male predominance (80% vs 77%; p=0.01), and more likely to sustain prior cardiovascular events. PAD patients were less likely to undergo coronary angiography (69% vs 83%; p<0.001) and revascularisation (80% vs 86%; p<0.001). Patients with PAD were more likely to sustain 30-day MACE (22% vs 14%; p<0.001) and mortality (10% vs 4.4%; p<0.001), as well as re-hospitalisation (23% vs 19%; p=0.001). After adjusting for potential confounders, PAD remained an independent predictor of 30-day MACE (odds ratio [OR], 1.6 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.24-2.06]). Patients with compared to those without PAD had 2.5 times higher 1-year mortality rate (22% vs 9%; p<0.001). Co-existence of PAD remained an independent predictor of 1-year mortality after adjustment for potential confounders by multivariable regression analysis (OR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.4-1.9). PAD was associated with a significant higher 1-year mortality rate across numerous sub-groups of patients including type of myocardial infarction (ST-elevation myocardial infarction vs non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction), and whether the patient underwent revascularisation.

CONCLUSIONS: Acute coronary syndrome with concomitant PAD represents a high-risk subgroup that warrants special attention and a more tailored approach.

PMID:35613975 | DOI:10.1016/j.hlc.2022.04.054