For diabetic type 1 patients, the skin autofluorescence predicts ulcers and amputations

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J Diabetes Complications. 2020 Nov 27:107808. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107808. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

We searched whether the accumulation of Advanced Glycation End-products (AGEs), reflected by the skin autofluorescence (SAF), could predict diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) during the long-term follow-up of people with type 1 diabetes. During year 2009, we measured the SAF with an AGE-Reader in 206 subjects with type 1 diabetes. DFU and amputations were registered during the 10 following years. The relation between the SAF and later DFU was analyzed by Cox model regression, adjusted for vascular risk factors. The 206 participants were mainly men (55.8%), 51 ± 15 years old, with a 22 ± 13 years diabetes duration. Twelve subjects presented a DFU. Their SAF were higher: 2.61 ± 0.89 AU vs 2.11 ± 0.53 for the others (p = 0.003), related to the risk of DFU (OR:3.69; 95% CI: 1.06-12.79) after adjustment for age, gender, diabetes duration, initial HbA1c, arterial hypertension, history of smoking, blood lipids and use of a statin. Five subjects were amputated, also related to the initial SAF: OR: 11.28 (95% CI: 1.76-79.97) after adjustment for age, gender, duration of diabetes, and HbA1c. The SAF has already been related to diabetic neuropathy and peripheral arterial disease. It predicts DFU in type 1 diabetes, which suggests that AGEs play a role in this highly specific and feared complication.

PMID:33386214 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107808