A Budget Impact Model for the use of Drug-Eluting Stents in Patients with Symptomatic Lower-Limb Peripheral Arterial Disease: An Australian Perspective

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Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2021 Jun 21. doi: 10.1007/s00270-021-02848-8. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Improvement in long-term outcomes through innovative, cost-effective medical technologies is a focus for endovascular procedures aimed at treating symptomatic lower-limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The advent of drug-eluting stents (DES) has improved symptomatic PAD treatment via a reduction in high rates of target lesion revascularisation (TLR). The present study aimed to compare the 5-year financial impact of treatment with Eluvia, a new paclitaxel-eluting stent, versus treatment with Zilver PTX, a drug-coated stent, among patients in Australia by developing a budget impact model (BIM).

METHODS: A BIM was developed from an Australian public hospital payer perspective using Australian national cost weights (AUD), published literature, and public hospital audit data. Clinical outcomes, including clinically driven TLRs (CD-TLRs), adverse events, and length of stay, were based on the 2-year results of the IMPERIAL trial, which compared Eluvia DES to Zilver PTX.

RESULTS: Assuming EVP eligibility rate of 80% and DES uses rate ranging from 10 to 28% (superficial femoral artery lesions only), the 5-year model forecasted a treatment population between 14,428 and 40,399 patients. The model estimated 1499-4198 fewer CD-TLRs and 16,515-46,243 fewer hospital days with Eluvia DES use. This translated to 5-year potential savings of $4.3-$12.1 million to the Australian public hospital payer attributable to reduced CD-TLRs for Eluvia DES and $33.1-$92.6 million to Australian public hospitals owing to reduced adverse events and hospital bed days.

CONCLUSION: Eluvia DES use as treatment for symptomatic lower-limb PAD could lead to potential savings for the Australian public healthcare system based on improved patient outcomes.

PMID:34155526 | DOI:10.1007/s00270-021-02848-8