Intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in characterization of axillary lymph nodes: Preliminary animal experience

Publication date: October 2018
Source:Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Volume 52
Author(s): Yueqiang Zhu, Xubin Li, Fengkui Wang, Jun Zhang, Wei Li, Yan Ma, Jin Qi, Song Ren, Zhaoxiang Ye
PurposeTo investigate the diagnostic value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for discriminating axillary metastatic from non-metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) in rabbit models.Materials and methodsThe institutional animal care and use committee approved this study. Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups. The axillary LN models were created by inoculating VX2 cell suspension and complete Freund’s adjuvant in the mammary glands of 20 female rabbits of each group, respectively. Conventional MRI and IVIM DWI were performed after animal models successfully established. Images of axillary LNs were analyzed with regard to long-axis diameter (L), short-axis diameter (S), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and IVIM parameters (D, D*, f). Receiver operating characteristic analyses were conducted to determine the diagnostic performance of aforementioned criteria.ResultsA total of 42 metastatic and 30 non-metastatic LNs were successfully isolated. ADC and D of metastatic LNs were significantly lower than those of non-metastatic ones (all P < 0.001), whereas D* was statistically higher (P = 0.033). L, S, and f showed no significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.089, 0.058, 0.054, respectively). Optimal cutoff values, area under the curve, sensitivity, and specificity for differentiation were as follows: ADC = 1.101 × 10−3 mm2/s, 0.886, 78.6%, 90.0%; D = 0.938 × 10−3 mm2/s, 0.927, 83.3%, 93.3%; and D* = 12.635 × 10−3 mm2/s, 0.657, 52.4%, 80.0%.ConclusionIVIM DWI is useful to distinguish metastatic from non-metastatic LNs in axilla. D was the most discriminative variable for predicting metastatic LNs.