Amide proton transfer imaging can predict tumor grade in rectal cancer

Publication date: September 2018
Source:Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Volume 51
Author(s): Akihiro Nishie, Yukihisa Takayama, Yoshiki Asayama, Kousei Ishigami, Yasuhiro Ushijima, Daisuke Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Daisuke Tsurumaru, Osamu Togao, Tatsuya Manabe, Eiji Oki, Yuichiro Kubo, Tomoyuki Hida, Minako Hirahashi-Fujiwara, Jochen Keupp, Hiroshi Honda
PurposeTo prospectively investigate the ability of amide proton transfer (APT) imaging, in comparison with that of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), to predict pathological factors in rectal cancer.Materials and methodsTwenty-two patients who underwent MR examination including APT imaging and DWI for evaluation of rectal cancer were enrolled. APT signal intensity (SI) was defined as the magnetization transfer asymmetry at 3.5 ppm and was mapped. An apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map was generated using b-values of 0, 500 and 1000 s/mm2. APT SI and ADC were calculated by placing regions-of-interest in the tumors on these maps. Pathological factors including tumor size and tumor grade were also evaluated. Average APT SIs or ADCs were compared between the two groups classified based on each pathological factor using Student’s t-test.ResultsThe average APT SI of tumors with diameters of 5 cm or more (3.09 ± 1.41%) was significantly higher than that of tumors with diameters < 5 cm (1.83 ± 1.38%). In addition, the average APT SI of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (2.82 ± 1.51%) was significantly higher than that of well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (1.24 ± 0.57%). There was no difference in ADC between groups classified based on any pathological factor.ConclusionAmide proton transfer imaging can predict tumor grade in rectal cancer.