Alterations in apparent diffusion coefficient values of the kidney during the cardiac cycle: Evaluation with ECG-triggered diffusion-weighted MR imaging

Publication date: October 2018
Source:Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Volume 52
Author(s): Katsuyoshi Ito, Minoru Hayashida, Akihiko Kanki, Akira Yamamoto, Tsutomu Tamada, Koji Yoshida, Masahiro Tanabe
PurposeTo evaluate dynamic changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the kidney at different time points during the cardiac cycle using electrocardiographic (ECG)-triggered diffusion-weighted MR imaging in normal subjects, and to elucidate the differences in ADC values between the right and left kidneys during a cardiac cycle.Materials and methodsThe study was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was obtained from subjects. Twenty healthy volunteers who underwent ECG-triggered diffusion-weighted MR imaging of the kidney were included. The differences in ADC values of each kidney during different cardiac phases were compared. Additionally, the differences in maximum and minimum ADC values between the right and left kidney were also evaluated.ResultsADC values in the right and left kidney changed significantly during the cardiac cycle (P < 0.00001). Maximum and minimum ADC values during the cardiac cycle of the left kidney were significantly higher (P = 0.026 and 0.017, respectively) than those of the right kidney. Maximum ADC value in the left kidney had a significantly strong positive correlation with the left renal vein ratio (r = 0.83, P < 0.00001). In the right kidney, maximum ADC showed a weakly positive correlation with the diameter of the right renal vein (r = 0.45, P = 0.048).ConclusionADC values of the kidney obtained using ECG-triggered diffusion-weighted MR imaging change significantly during the cardiac cycle. Maximum (systolic) ADC during the cardiac cycle of the left kidney was significantly higher than that of the right kidney, probably due to the anatomical difference in the renal vein.