The utility of drug reaction assessment trials for inhaled therapies in patients with chronic lung diseases

Publication date: July 2018
Source:Respiratory Medicine, Volume 140
Author(s): Brittany B. Dennis, Giulia Rinaldi, Georgie Housley, Anand Shah, Owais A. Shah, Michael R. Loebinger
BackgroundCurrent guidelines recommend a Drug Reaction Assessment (DRA) before beginning inhaled therapies to assess for bronchoconstriction and tolerability. There is limited evidence to support this recommendation.MethodsIn this study we aimed to establish the predictors of successful DRAs in different patient groups using a cohort of all DRAs performed in adults between 2011 and 2016 at the Royal Brompton Hospital. Spirometry, age, gender, height, and underlying lung disease were recorded. A multivariable logistic regression model was constructed to ascertain variables associated with successful DRAs.ResultsThere were 1492 DRA trials using hypertonic saline (32%), antimicrobials (63%), or rhDNase (5%). The majority of patients (94%, n = 1408) passed the DRA. Mean FEV1% predicted was 58.03 (SD 23.36). Female sex, type of inhaled product, and FEV1% predicted were established as significant predictors for DRA success. An FEV1% predicted > 55% was associated with greater probability of DRA success (Odds Ratio [OR]: 2.96 (1.80,4.86) p < 0.0001). Those receiving dry powder, inhaled antibiotics were more likely to pass the DRA compared to nebulised antibiotics (OR: 3.99 (1.38,11.51) p = 0.01)).ConclusionThis study classifies distinct patient groups with varying baseline risks which can be used to predict tolerability when adding an inhaled product to their management plan. Some “low risk” patients may in future be able to self-assess their tolerability for inhaled therapies at home to avoid unneeded hospital monitoring.