A systematic review and meta-analysis of second-line therapies for treatment of mesothelioma

Publication date: Available online 30 June 2018
Source:Respiratory Medicine
Author(s): Fausto Petrelli, Raffaele Ardito, Barbara Conti, Andrea Coinu, Mary Cabiddu, Mara Ghilardi, Karen Borgonovo, Sandro Barni, Antonio Ghidini
IntroductionAdvanced malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is generally treated with platinum/pemetrexed-based first-line therapy. Once the disease progresses, evidence for the efficacy of palliative treatments is lacking, and platinum re-challenge or single-agent chemotherapy are commonly used. To assess the effects of cytostatic or targeted therapy for treating MPM, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis.Material and methodsPubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Embase databases were searched to identify published articles on second-line treatments for recurrent or advanced mesothelioma. Inclusion criteria were publication in the English language, describing clinical trials with 20 or more patients, and evaluability for efficacy and for receiving second-line systemic therapies. Data were pooled using number of events/number of evaluable patients, median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), according to a fixed or random effect model. Pooled median OS was the primary endpoint.ResultsA total of 49 eligible studies (n = 3938 patients; range, 12–400) were identified. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.4 months (95%CI 2.87–3.93). Median pooled OS was 7.86 (95%CI 7.01–8.72). The pooled overall response rate (ORR) was 8.63% (95%CI 6–11.26), and the pooled disease control rate (DCR) was 54.8% (95%CI 48.9–60.6). Median pooled OS with platinum- and pemetrexed-based chemotherapy were 7.93 and 7.78 months, respectively.ConclusionsThere remains uncertainty about the ideal second-line agent for MPM. Based on this meta-analysis, palliative chemotherapy or other experimental agents can be considered for patients with MPM who desire further treatment after their disease has progressed, during or after first-line therapy.