Factors associated with outcomes and inpatient 90-day cost of care in endometrial cancer patients undergoing hysterectomy – implications for bundled care payments

Publication date: July 2018
Source:Gynecologic Oncology, Volume 150, Issue 1
Author(s): Aimee Rolston, Ryan J. Spencer, R. Kevin Reynolds, Laurel W. Rice, Shitanshu Uppal
ObjectiveTo investigate the association of obesity and other comorbidities as well as route of surgery with postoperative outcomes, as well as 30- and 90-day inpatient cost of care after hysterectomy for endometrial cancer.MethodsFrom the 2013 National Readmission Database release, patients who underwent hysterectomy for endometrial cancer were included. Obesity was classified as non-obese (body mass index [BMI] < 35 kg/m2); class I/II obesity (BMI ≥ 35 but <40 kg/m2 and without obesity related medical condition qualifying it as morbid obesity), class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 OR BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 with an obesity-related medical condition). Incremental cost at 30 and 90 days was calculated using cost-to-charge ratio.ResultsA total of 27,658 patients were identified. Compared to non-obese patients those with class III obesity had higher rate of any medical (non-surgical) complication (22.3% vs 17.2%, p = 0.004), and higher rate of 30-day readmission (6% vs 4.4%, p = 0.003), but similar rates of surgical complications. There were no significant differences in perioperative outcomes between non-obese patients and those with class I/II obesity. Non-obese patients had higher rates of traditional laparoscopy (8.4% vs 13.6%, p < 0.001) and lower conversion rates from a minimally invasive to abdominal (5.5% vs. 8.2%, p < 0.001) than those with class III obesity. Based on multivariate regression model compared to non-obese patients, class I/II obesity (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.02–1.09) and class III obesity (OR 1.1, 95% CI 1.1–1.18) were associated with higher cost of care. Other factors increasing cost of care included: comorbidity score per unit increase (OR 1.08, 95% 1.07–1.08), insurance status and route of surgery.ConclusionsClass III obesity was associated with higher medical (but not surgical) complication rates as well as increased overall inpatient care cost when compared to the non-obese population. Number of comorbidities significantly impacted the cost and outcomes after hysterectomy. As more healthcare initiatives focus on bundled payments, our results suggest that payment packages should adjust for obesity rates and medical comorbidities stratified by region and hospital type in order to fairly compensate for increased costs of care.