Diabetes Risk Varies by Occupation

The workplace could be an effective place to employ diabetes prevention strategies. In this study, researchers identified occupations with the greatest risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). The study included Swedish citizens born between 1937 and 1979 who were gainfully employed between 2001 and 2013 (n = 4,550,892) who were followed from 2006 to 2015 for a diabetes diagnosis (n = 201,717). Data were evaluated for patients in the 30 most common occupations among men and women. T2D prevalence was greater among men (5.2%) than women (3.2%). In men, the prevalence was highest among motor vehicle drivers (8.8%), and in women, manufacturing workers (6.4%). Incidence largely differed by occupation. In men, incidence was highest among manufacturing workers (9.41) and professional drivers (9.32) and lowest among university teachers (3.44); in women, it was highest in manufacturing workers (7.20) and cleaners (6.18) and lowest in physiotherapists (2.20). Differences in prevalence of being overweight and smoking, as well as physical fitness levels, varied significantly by occupation even at young ages.

Source: Carlsson S, Andersson T, Talbäck M, et al. Diabetologia. 2019;doi: 10.1007/s00125-019-04997-5