Cardiovascular Outcomes Associated with Lifestyle Changes after Diabetes Diagnosis

Lifestyle changes after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) may reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), researchers reported in Cardiovascular Diabetology. The study included 852 adults from the ADDITION-Cambridge study. Patients were followed for incidence of CVD events (n = 116) and all-cause mortality (n = 127). Compared to maintenance, a reduction in alcohol intake of at least two units per week significantly reduced the risk of CVD (HR = 0.56; 95% CI, 0.36–0.87). A reduction in daily calorie intake ≥ 300 kcal, compared to maintenance, was associated with a similar reduction in all-cause mortality risk (HR = 0.56; 95% CI 0.34–0.92). The researchers suggested that in the absence of specialist-led interventions, certain changes in behavior may significantly reduce long-term CVD complications risk.