Induction of the unfolded protein response (UPR) during Marek’s disease virus (MDV) infection

Publication date: September 2018
Source:Virology, Volume 522
Author(s): Sabari Nath Neerukonda, Upendra K. Katneni, Matthew Bott, Serguei P. Golovan, Mark S. Parcells
Marek’s disease (MD) is a pathology of chickens associated with paralysis, immune suppression, and the rapid formation of T-cell lymphomas. MD is caused by the herpesvirus, Marek’s disease virus (MDV). We examined endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the activation of unfolded protein response (UPR) pathways during MDV infection of cells in culture and lymphocytes in vivo. MDV strains activate the UPR as measured by increased mRNA expression of GRP78/BiP with concomitant XBP1 splicing and induction of its target gene, EDEM1. Cell culture replication of virulent, but not vaccine MDVs, activated the UPR at late in infection. Pathotype-associated UPR activation was induced to a greater level by a vv + MDV. Discrete UPR activation was observed during MDV in vivo infection, with the level of UPR modulation being affected by the MDV oncoprotein Meq. Finally, ATF6 was found to be activated in vv + MDV-induced primary lymphomas, suggesting a possible role in tumor progression.