SNCA REP1 and Parkinson’s disease

Publication date: 24 August 2018
Source:Neuroscience Letters, Volume 682
Author(s): Li Shu, Yuan Zhang, Qiying Sun, Hongxu Pan, Jifeng Guo, Beisha Tang
REP1 is a polymorphic dinucleotide repeat sequence located in the promoter region of the SNCA gene (OMIM 163890). Opinions regarding the interaction between the various REP1 alleles and Parkinson’s disease (PD) or its phenotypes have been inconsistent and have thus far not been comprehensively analyzed. In this study, we searched Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases as well as the Chinese-language Wanfang and CNKI databases using strict inclusion and exclusion criteria and conducted our analysis using Revman 5.3 software. Our search produced 28 articles describing REP1 alleles and their associated PD risks and 8 articles which discussed the relationship between REP1 variation and PD phenotypes. We found that the 265-, 269-, and 271-bp alleles of REP1 (using the nomenclature established by Xia et al.) increased the risk of PD (OR: 1.81, 1.05, 1.17; p: 0.0002, 0.003, 0.002) while the 267-bp allele decreased PD risk (OR: 0.86, p: <0.00001) when taking all populations into account. By ethnicity, we observed an obvious population heterogeneity in the effects of various alleles, where the 269-, 271-, and 273-bp alleles increased PD risk (OR: 1.06, 1.22, 1.89; p: 0.001, 0.003, 0.001) and the 267-bp allele decreased PD risk (OR: 0.85; p: <0.00001) in Caucasian populations, and the 263- and 265-bp alleles increased the risk of PD (OR: 2.22, 2.03; p: 0.03, 0.0002) and the 267- and 273-bp alleles decreased PD risk (OR: 0.90, 0.78; p: 0.02, 0.03) in Asian populations. We also determined that the 267-, 269-, and 271-bp alleles occurred the most frequently, although the frequency distribution varied among different ethnicities. Phenotypic analysis demonstrated that PD patients carrying the 271-bp allele were prone to early onset PD (OR: 1.75, p: 0.02) while the 267-bp had the opposite effect (OR: 0.81; p: 0.01).