Immunogenicity and safety of the quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine MenACWY-TT co-administered with a combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine versus their separate administration in adolescents and young adults: A phase III, randomized study

Publication date: 25 July 2018
Source:Vaccine, Volume 36, Issue 31
Author(s): Luis Rivera, Tino F. Schwarz, Kyung-Hyo Kim, Yun-Kyung Kim, Ulrich Behre, Sung-Ho Cha, Dae Sun Jo, Jacob Lee, Jin-Soo Lee, Brigitte Cheuvart, Archana Jastorff, Marie Van der Wielen
BackgroundThis study evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine using tetanus (T) toxoid as carrier protein (MenACWY-TT) co-administered with combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) versus their separate administration in adolescents and young adults.MethodsIn this phase III, randomized, partially-blind study (NCT01767376), healthy 11–25-year-olds (N = 660) were randomized (1:1:1) to receive MenACWY-TT and Tdap at Month 0 (Co-ad group), MenACWY-TT at Month 0 and Tdap at Month 1 (ACWY_Tdap group) or Tdap at Month 0 and MenACWY-TT at Month 1 (Tdap_ACWY group). Immune responses to MenACWY-TT were measured by serum bactericidal assay using rabbit complement (rSBA). Anti-diphtheria (D), anti-tetanus (T), anti-pertussis toxin (PT), anti-filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and anti-pertactin (PRN) antibody concentrations were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Non-inferiority of immunogenicity was assessed using pre-defined clinical criteria. Safety was also evaluated.ResultsNon-inferiority of immunogenicity of MenACWY-TT and Tdap when co-administered versus their separate administration was demonstrated in terms of rSBA geometric mean titers (GMTs) for 4 meningococcal serogroups and of the percentage of participants with antibody concentrations >1 IU/ml for D and T. Among the pertussis antigens, non-inferiority criteria for geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) were reached for PT, but not met for FHA and PRN. Across all groups, ≥93.2% of participants had vaccine responses to each meningococcal serogroup, ≥99.1% were seroprotected against T and D, and ≥85.5% had booster responses to each pertussis antigen. Robust increases in antibody GMTs/GMCs were observed for all antigens between pre-and post-vaccination. Both vaccines had clinically acceptable safety profiles.ConclusionImmune responses to MenACWY-TT and to the T and D antigens from Tdap were not impacted by their co-administration. The lower antibody concentrations observed against the pertussis components may be of limited clinical relevance since robust anti-pertussis booster responses were observed. This study supports concurrent administration of the 2 vaccines in adolescents.